Answered By: Corporate Communications
Last Updated: Oct 19, 2017     Views: 822

Here are some basic rules for referencing, whatever referencing style you choose:

  1. In general, it is the published items that you must reference.  In some cases, unpublished items will also need to be referenced.
  2. Reference everything you have read or seen in the development of your ideas.  'Cite what you sight' is the basic rule of referencing. The interested reader can then follow up the readings that led to your conclusions.
  3. Reference according to the item that you see and read physically.  So if an item looks like a book, reference it as a book.  If what you have read is a document on a website, reference it as a document on the World Wide Web.
  4. There are always exceptions to this rule.  Consult the appropriate manuals for the instructions on how to deal with exceptions, the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition for APA 6th and the Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition for Chicago 16th. 
  5. There are special ways of referencing unpublished works such as blogs, letters, interviews and lecture notes.  There are examples of these types of works in the Library's online referencing guides for you to consult.

As always, consult with your lecturer/supervisor/tutor to find out exactly how they want you to reference in your work.

Curtin University Library.

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